In August, the High Court made a decision clarifying that obligations on APS employees under the Australian Public Service Code of Conduct extend beyond conduct in the workplace to include online anonymous posts made via social media. In Comcare v Banerji  HCA 23 (7 August 2019), the Federal Court considered the dismissal of an Australian Public Service employee who was terminated for tweeting, under a pseudonym, political criticism of the Department in which she worked, some managers within and policies of that Department and members of Parliament. The Court found that while APS employees needed to remain apolitical and impartial in order to satisfy the constitutional requirement for responsible government, the laws imposing a limitation on the political communication of APS employees were not a “blanket restraint on all civil servants from communicating to anyone any expression of view on any matter of political controversy” but depended on such things as their level of responsibility/seniority, the content of their comments and the audience. Members working in the APS should be aware that depending on these factors, they could be sanctioned if they engage in public political communication (including online ‘anonymous’ posts) where their political communication does not maintain the integrity and good reputation of the APS. If you’ve been affected by this decision or are unsure of what the limitations might be in your case, contact the Professionals Australia Workplace Advice and Support team for advice.